Chapter 2


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by persistent symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can interfere with daily functioning and development.

ADHD presents itself in three subtypes: Predominantly Inattentive, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive, and Combined Type each with its own distinct set of symptoms and challenges.

Fact Description
Prevalence ADHD affects approximately 5-7% of children and 2-5% of adults worldwide.
Symptoms ADHD is characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
Diagnosis ADHD can be diagnosed at any age, with symptoms usually appearing before the age of 12.
Treatment A combination of medication, behavioural therapy, and educational support is effective for managing ADHD.
Co-occurring conditions ADHD can often co-exist with other mental health or learning disorders.