Medication is a common and effective treatment option for managing ADHD symptoms in both children and adults.

The primary medications used for ADHD are stimulants, such as methylphenidate and amphetamine compounds, which work by increasing the availability of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, thus enhancing focus and impulse control.

Non-stimulant medications, such as atomoxetine and guanfacine, are also available for individuals who may not respond well to or tolerate stimulants.

Medication management should be individualised, taking into account the specific needs, medical history, and response to treatment of each person.

Although medications can significantly reduce ADHD symptoms, they are often most effective when used in conjunction with behavioural and psychosocial interventions to address the various aspects of the disorder.